ARCHEOLOGICAL SITE

 

 

Tunisia bears the imprint of 3000 years of history, marked by the greatest civilizations of the Méditerrasnée. No less than seven sites listed as World Heritage by Unesco. Not to mention of course crafts and gastronomy, national pride.

Carthage heiress at the crossroads of all civilizations of the Mediterranean, Tunisia proposes to you to revive them.


 

Bulla Regia

Located north of Jendouba Bulla Bulla Regia, or Royal, former residence of Numidian kings and gradually incorporated into the Roman Empire. His interest is considerable, because the architecture of the houses is almost unique among those of the great Roman cities of antiquity.

To adapt to the climate of Tunisia, these houses are made on two levels on the surface of apartments for winter stays and underground floor intended to shelter from scorching summers. Underground intended to shelter from scorching summers. In addition to comfort, these underground chambers were decorated with great refinement.

As evidenced, in particular, houses of hunting, fishing, mosaics and d’amphitrite.

The remains of a forum containing the remains of a temple of Apollo, a market, a theater and a basilica were also updated.
To visit also the museum built near the site.


Carthage

Byrsa Hill and Museum:
The checkerboard streets are typical of the Carthaginian town planning.
The hill was remodeled in Roman times to form a new acropolis. It also contains the forum judicial basilica and a large temple.

The museum gathers and presents the archaeological collections of objects from the site.
Three major periods are thus traced Phoenician-Punic, Roman-African and Arab Muslim.

the Tophet

Sanctuary of Tanit and Baal Hammon, is the oldest place of worship Punic Carthage. Hundreds of headstones Carthaginian accumulated in the craters.
In this sacred space, the Carthaginians offered sacrifices and erecting steles in honor of Baal Hammon or the goddess Tanit.


 Dougga

is one of the most spectacular cities in the Mediterranean.
The town was extensive but it had only 5,000 inhabitants.
After the fall of Carthage, the city of Dougga becomes more independent.
The city becomes a Roman colony during the 2nd century after J-C.
After the fall of the Roman empire Dougga and temples and becomes less important to the 6th century when the Byzantines arrived, the city is completely in oblivion.
Theater :
Dougga The theater is located in the hillside of a slope and there was room for 3,500 spectators around.
The theater was built between 166 and 169.
There is a beautiful view of the surroundings.
the theater was used not only for cultural performances but also for political meetings.
The Capitol:
This temple is dedicated to Jupiter, and Minerva Junona. It is the best preserved temple of its kind in the country. At the interior of the temple there were statues of the three gods.
The temple dates from the same era as the theater.
The Baths of the Cyclops:
The baths are appointed Postflow a mosaic with the three Cyclops but the baths are best known for her latrine There are twelve toillettes form of a horseshoe, probably to allow visitors to talk a little together.
The mausoleum d’Ateban:
The mausoleum d’Ateban date of the Punic period. It recognizes elements of Egyptian, Greek and Persian. The mausoleum is 21 meters high and has three floors.


Sufetula

Myth and history have ensured the celebrity Sufetula. Sbeïtla today, is one of the “golden cities> Africa of the Roman – Byzantine.

At the heart of the city stands the forum, political, legal and commercial, it is dominated by the three temples of the Capitol, the religious center of the city.

At the western edge of the ruins, we find the building of the four Seasons. Southeast are the big public baths, a theater in ruins and aqueduct bridge with three arches.

A Triumphal Arch was built at the eastern entrance to the city, and still stands, legal and commercial, it is dominated by the three temples of the Capitol, the religious center of the city.

At the western edge of the ruins, we find the building of the four Seasons. Southeast are the big public baths, a theater in ruins and aqueduct bridge with three arches.

A Triumphal Arch was built at the eastern entrance to the city, and still stands, perfectly preserved.

Christian basilicas Sbeïtla remain among the most remarkable in North Africa.


Thuburbo Majus

Southwest of the ancient city Tunis “respublica Felix” (The Happy Republic) Thuburbo Majus today, ancient Punic city, became fully when Roman Hadrian raised it to the rank of municipality.

D’impressionnantes ruins testify today the urban development and the rich past of the Roman city, like the lavish homes sometimes with heated bathrooms and adorned with mosaics.

And all around the forum: the Temple of Peace and the small temple of Mercury.

Further south we win the market place and the home of lavish homes sometimes with heated bathrooms and adorned with mosaics.

And all around the forum: the Temple of Peace and the small temple of Mercury.

Further south, we gain the market place and the home of the Labyrinth and the portico of Petroni.

We will also visit several bath houses (summer baths, spas winter), a Palaestra, a Bâalit temple and another temple dedicated to Aesculapius, the god of medicine.

Also note the presence of a Christian church.


Utique

Ancient city and port in the north of Africa, in the northwestern end of the Gulf of Tunis, about 32 km from Tunis.
Probably founded by the Phoenicians around 1100 BC. AD, it became a flourishing port, before being eclipsed by Carthage.
Utica played an important role during the Punic Wars (.. 149 av J.-C.-146 BC) who pledged allegiance to Rome early in the third conflict, she was rewarded with a large portion of the territory Carthage and became the capital of the Roman province of Africa. During the civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great, Utica became the rallying point for supporters of Pompey after the battle of Pharsalia in 48 BC. BC The one of them, Cato d’Utique, it committed suicide in 46 BC. AD The city received municipal rights under Augustus and became a Roman colony under Hadrian.
It was taken by the Vandals controlled by Genseric in 439 AD. BC, taken over by the Byzantines in 534 AD. BC and finally destroyed by the Arabs in the late seventh century.
Some ruins are still visible in the western Medjerda (the ancient Bagradas): an amphitheater of 20 000 places, a theater, baths, reservoirs and docks.


The Coliseum of El Jem

Third of the Roman world in size, after that of Rome and that of Capua, the amphitheater of El Jem is the most impressive Roman monument in land of Africa.
Arches, stairs, flying buttresses, underground rooms of a form a complex whole.
The amphitheater is elliptical. It measures 149 m long, 124 m wide and 36 m high. It has three floors. Thirty thousand spectators could stand it.
The arena is 65 m long. In his basement, 2 vaulted galleries that communicated with the outside, crossed. The large gallery was lined with six vaulted rooms, which had to be locked up the beasts.
The grandiose aspect of the amphitheater should not obscure the great interest of the museum and vast field excavations.

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