History of Tunisia
– 1101 BC. BC., Founding of the city of Utica by the Phoenicians
-814-C .J. BC: Carthage foundation by Dido princess of Tyre. Soon, Carthage became the rival of Rome and the important maritime cities of the Mediterranean world.
-264 To 241 BC. AD: First Punic War Flaubert in, described in part. Carthage evacuate Sicily.
-218 To 201 BC. AD: Second Punic War under the leadership who crossed the Pyrenees with 50,000 men and 37 elephants 9000. He arrived at the gates of Rome manages to seize failing reinforcements.
-149 To 146 BC. AD: Third Punic War. Carthage weakened three years before traveling. Scipio then made fire the city. This mixture of salt in the soil to make it infertile. begins for many centuries, the Roman rule.
-439 To 553 AD: the Vandals came from Northern Europe driving Genséric settle in Tunisia.
-534 To 642: Justinian, emperor of Byzantium becomes master. ” : Arrival desArabes the Maghreb. They come from the East, the Arabian.
-647: The conquest of Uqba ibn Nafi that propagates Islam, founded and hunting. The provinces of an empire whose capital was Damascus and Baghdad.
-909-1159: The Fatimids founded Mahdia and invaded Egypt they create Cairo. Rebels became masters of Tunisia attacked by the Genoese, the Pisans, then the Normans.
-1534-1535: Barbarossa between Bizerte. At the Pope’s appeal, Quint sent a fleet of 400 ships to drop which makes July 14, 1535.
-1590-1880: Tunisia became a province for three centuries
-1881-1956: French Protectorate
-13 May 1943: the surrender of the German-Italian forces in
Cap Bon region.
-20 March 1956: full independence.
-25 July 1957: proclamation of the republic and presidency