Kairouan whose name means etymologically “caravanserai”, is a town in central Tunisia and the capital of the governorate of the same name. It is located 150 kilometers southwest of Tunis and fifty kilometers west of Sousse. Populated by 139 070 inhabitants in 20142, it is often referred to as the fourth holiest city (or sacred) of Islam and the holy city of Maghreb4,5.
Until the eleventh century, the city was an important center of Islamic Muslim North Africa, Ifriqiya. With its medina and markets organized by corporations in oriental fashion, mosques and other religious buildings, Kairouan is listed since 1988 on the UNESCO list of World Heritage. In 2009, she was proclaimed the capital of Islamic culture by the Islamic Educational, Scientific and culture6.
The city is also famous for its handmade woolen carpets and pastries whose makrouds.