Monastir is a coastal city in the Tunisian Sahel, center-east of Tunisia, situated on a peninsula southeast of the Gulf of Hammamet, about twenty kilometers east of Sousse and 162 kilometers south from Tunis. In 2014, the population of the municipality reaches 93,306 habitants2.La city is the capital of the governorate of the same name since 19744.
Monastir is a part, with Kairouan and Sousse, the first Arab towns founded in Ifriqiya. It is built on the ruins of the ancient Punic-Roman city of Ruspina whose existence spans almost ten centuries, from the fourth century BC. BC to the sixth century AD. J.-C.8. During the Spanish-Ottoman conflict, which lasts throughout the sixteenth century, Monastir is the target of attacks from both belligerents. The population managed to avoid annexation by the Spaniards in 1534 and the city is organized in the form of a people’s republic. Even if she falls for four years under their control in 1550, she finally released by the Ottomans in 1554 to be attached to the Regency of Tunis from 15749.Elle then becomes the capital of Monastir caïdat which already existed under the Hafsids and that from the beginning of the Turkish presence in Tunisia. Left out under the French protectorate of Tunisia, Monastir regains its status, becoming the capital of the governorate of the same name because it is the birthplace of the new president Habib Bourguiba, which it did later build his lifetime a mausoleum where he is now buried and a presidential palace near the city. The Bourguiba mosque, dating from 196310, was also erected in his honor and Monastir International Airport also bears his name.
Monastir is now a major university town where students represent a fifth of the population. With Sousse and Sfax, the city has become thanks to its port a transshipment point for the market for olive oil. It is also, since the 1960s, one of the most important centers of the Tunisian tourism sector, especially for its seaside resort of Skanes.
During the events of the Tunisian revolution of 2011, the civil prison of Monastir is burned on the night of January 14 to 15. Over forty prisoners find there mort11.