Matmata, the lunar-shaped village, is known for the typical of its troglodyte houses, homes that have been restored in the soft clay rock, providing inhabitants with incomparable climatic comfort. It is a village of about 2000 inhabitants located northwest of Medenine and 40 km southwest of Gabes. It is located in the mountain, 600 meters above sea level.
The village takes its name and its creation from a Berber tribe, and was frequently, through its troglodyte dwellings, a place of resistance or hiding places, especially during the Second World War. The houses themselves, created to withstand the climate, are dug around a large open circular well to capture light, and keep a relatively steady temperature throughout the year (15 ° C in January at 25 ° C in July). Each dwelling may be more or less extensive, some may include several courtyards, and a succession of rooms connected by corridors on several levels.